Venezuelan law regulates the issue of citizenship in the National Constitution in its Articles 32-36 and through the Nationality and Citizenship Law. Pursuant to the principle of ius sanguinis, Venezuelan Citizenship can be acquired by birth or naturalisation.
According to Article 21 of the Law of Nationality and Citizenship, naturalisation can be attained by those who obtain a Naturalisation Certificate. To do so, they must have been domiciled in Venezuela with an uninterrupted residence of at least ten years. The residence time is reduced to five years when the applicant has the nationality originating from Spain, Portugal, Italy, Latin American and Caribbean countries.
Moreover, citizenship can be granted to those who marry a Venezuelan citizen from the moment they declare their will to do so provided that at least five years have passed from the date of marriage.
Minors whose father or mother exercise on them parental authority can attain Venezuelan citizenship, provided that they declare their will to be Venezuelan or Venezuelan before they reach 21 years of age, and have resided in Venezuela uninterruptedly during the five years preceding the said declaration.
Dual nationality is allowed under Venezuelan law; however, Article 7 of Law on Nationality and Citizenship stipulates that Venezuelan people with dual nationality are obliged to enter and leave the country with the Venezuelan passport.
In relation to the renunciation of their nationality of origin, Article 25 of the Nationality and Citizenship Law establishes that Venezuelans by naturalisation are not obliged to renounce their nationality. If the person concerned wishes to waive his/her nationality, he/she shall declare it in the application initiating the naturalisation procedure.