Dominica citizenship can generally be acquired by birth, registration, or naturalisation, subject to the provisions laid down in the Citizenship Act. With regards to registration, this is also open to children of Dominican citizens or foreigners who are married to Dominican citizens. Naturalisation procedures vary for citizens of Commonwealth countries, and citizens outside the Commonwealth, whereby the former need only have resided in Dominica for at least five years to apply for citizenship, while the latter need at least seven years of legal residence within the country to qualify.
In 1993, however, a new path for naturalisation was introduced in Dominica - that of economic citizenship. Following amendments in the Citizenship by Investment Regulations over the years, a foreigner can become a citizen of Dominica by choosing one of two options, the first of which is a minimum USD 100,000 contribution to the country’s Economic Diversification Fund (EDF) for a single applicant, with thresholds increasing depending on the number of dependents included within the application. Applicants also have the option of making an investment in a designated real estate project with a minimum contribution of USD 200,000. Under the Real Estate option, investors must hold the authorised real estate for 3 years following the grant of citizenship. Furthermore, under the Citizenship by Investment Programme, the property may only be resold after 5 years of receiving citizenship. Apart from satisfying investment criteria, foreigners applying for Dominica’s Citizenship by Investment Programme are also subject to eligibility criteria, including a minimum age of 18 for main applicants, and a clean criminal record.
Dual citizenship is allowed in Dominica, thereby, the country does not require foreigners to renounce their original citizenship/s prior to becoming citizens of Dominica.