Citizenship can be acquired by birth, descent or naturalisation. Section 112A of the Constitution allows Antiguan citizenship to be granted to persons born in Antigua on or before 31st October 1981. Every person born in Antigua and Barbuda after the commencement of the Constitution (1st November 1981) is automatically a citizen of the country, according to Section 113 of the Constitution. Those born outside the country’s territory are also entitled to citizenship based on descent if either of their parents is a citizen. Those who have been married to a citizen for at least three years can also register to become a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda, as can Commonwealth citizens who have continuously lived in Antigua for more than seven years before 31st October 1981.
The Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship by Investment Programme further extends the option of naturalisation to eligible foreign persons who make an investment in Antigua and Barbuda based on the criteria set down in the programme regulations. The minimum investment is a donation of USD100,000 to Antigua’s National Development Fund (NDF). Applicants also have the option of making an investment in real estate, establishing a business, or donating towards a fund for the University of the West Indies. Family members may also be included in the application for citizenship, and the acquired citizenship may also be passed down to future generations.
The Caribbean nation of Antigua and Barbuda allows its citizens to hold dual citizenship and does not report the acquisition of citizenship to other countries. As set down in Section 115 of the Constitutional Order, a citizen (or future citizen) of Antigua and Barbuda shall not be deprived of his citizenship, refused registration, or be forced to renounce citizenship solely on the basis of being or becoming a citizen of a foreign country.